How Many Confirmations for Bitcoin?

How Many Confirmations for Bitcoin?

Bitcoin, the world’s first decentralized digital currency, relies on a distributed ledger called the blockchain to record and verify transactions.

When someone initiates a Bitcoin transaction, it becomes part of a block, which is then added to the blockchain through mining. But how can you ensure a Bitcoin transaction is valid and irreversible? This is where confirmations come into play.

This comprehensive guide will delve into Bitcoin confirmations, discussing their importance in safeguarding transaction security and integrity, and outlining the typical confirmation requirements for various transaction amounts.

Additionally, we will delve into the factors that affect the average confirmation time and provide tips to speed up confirmation times.

Also read: Japan’s Largest Investment Bank Nomura Launches Bitcoin Adoption Fund

How Many Confirmations for Bitcoin?
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What are Bitcoin confirmations?

In the context of Bitcoin, a confirmation refers to including a transaction in a block on the blockchain.

Every block holds a set of transactions, and when a block joins the blockchain, it confirms the transactions within it.

The confirmation count shows blocks added to the blockchain after the transaction’s block.

Also read: Japan’s Largest Investment Bank Nomura Launches Bitcoin Adoption Fund

How do Bitcoin confirmations work?

When someone initiates a Bitcoin transaction, they broadcast it to the Bitcoin network, and miners pick it up.

Miners maintain blockchain integrity by competing to solve complex math problems and add new blocks.

When a miner adds a block to the blockchain, the contained transactions are confirmed.

The process of confirming a transaction involves several steps:

  1. Transaction Initiation: A user initiates a Bitcoin transaction by creating a message that includes the recipient’s address, the amount to be sent, and any additional transaction details.
  2. Transaction Propagation: The transaction message is broadcasted to the Bitcoin network, picked up by nodes, and relayed to other nodes. This ensures that the transaction is widely distributed across the network.
  3. Transaction Inclusion in a Block: Miners collect a set of unconfirmed transactions, known as the mempool, and compete to solve a mathematical puzzle. The first miner to solve the puzzle adds a new block to the blockchain, including the selected transactions.
  4. Block Verification: Other miners and nodes in the network verify the validity of the newly added block by confirming that the transactions meet the required criteria, such as valid digital signatures and sufficient funds. This ensures the integrity of the blockchain.
  5. Confirmation Count: Each subsequent block that is added to the blockchain after the block containing the transaction increases the confirmation count. The more confirmations a transaction has, the more secure and irreversible it becomes.

It is important to note that the time it takes for a transaction to receive confirmations can vary. On average, a new block is added to the Bitcoin blockchain approximately every 10 minutes.

However, confirmation times can be influenced by network congestion, transaction fees, and the network’s overall hash rate.

Why are confirmations important?

Confirmations are crucial in ensuring the security and finality of Bitcoin transactions. Here are two key reasons why confirmations are important:

Transaction finality and security

How Many Confirmations for Bitcoin?
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Confirmations provide a level of certainty and finality to Bitcoin transactions.

As the number of confirmations increases, the likelihood of reversing or altering a transaction significantly decreases.

This occurs because each confirmation signifies the transaction’s inclusion in a new block, which becomes part of the blockchain.

Once a block is added, tampering with transaction data becomes extremely challenging due to the blockchain’s decentralization.

Protecting Against Double Spending

Double-spending risks occur in digital currencies when someone tries to spend the same funds multiple times.

Bitcoin’s confirmation system lessens this risk by adding a transaction to the blockchain before funds are spendable.

Each confirmation boosts security, making double-spending harder for attackers.

Merchants and service providers lower fraud risk by demanding a specific confirmation count.

The required confirmations vary based on the transaction amount and the trust level between the parties involved.

How many confirmations are enough?

The number of confirmations needed to deem a Bitcoin transaction secure enough can change based on multiple factors. These include the transaction amount, the recipient’s risk tolerance, and the policies of exchanges or service providers.

Here are some general guidelines for the recommended number of confirmations based on the transaction amount:

  • 0 Confirmations: A transaction with 0 confirmations means it has been broadcasted to the network but has not yet been included in a block on the blockchain. Payments with no confirmations are still considered temporary and can be reversed. It is generally recommended to wait for at least one confirmation before considering a transaction as valid.
  • 1 Confirmation: One confirmation is typically sufficient for small Bitcoin payments with a value of less than $1,000. While a single confirmation is not entirely secure, it provides a reasonable level of assurance for low-value transactions.
  • 3 Confirmations: For larger transactions, like payments between $1,000 and $10,000, experts often recommend waiting for three confirmations. Many exchanges and service providers require at least three confirmations before crediting the funds to the recipient’s account.
  • 6 Confirmations: Six confirmations are considered standard for most transactions and are generally recommended for larger payments between $10,000 and $1,000,000. We consider the transaction highly secure at this point, with an extremely low risk of a successful double-spend.
  • 60+ Confirmations: For extremely high-value transactions exceeding $1,000,000, some recipients may choose to wait for 60 or more confirmations for added peace of mind. While the likelihood of a successful double-spend is already extremely low after six confirmations, additional confirmations further reduce the risk.

These guidelines aren’t rigid rules; they vary based on unique circumstances and risk tolerance.

Exchanges and providers may have their own policies on the required confirmations for a valid transaction.

Average Bitcoin Confirmation Time

The average time it takes for a Bitcoin transaction to receive its first confirmation can vary depending on several factors.

Here are some key factors that can influence confirmation time:

  • Network Congestion: During periods of high transaction volume, such as during bull markets or when there is a significant increase in network activity, the Bitcoin network may experience congestion.

    This can result in longer confirmation times as miners prioritize transactions with higher fees.
  • Transaction Fee: The fee attached to a Bitcoin transaction can influence its priority in the mining queue. Miners prioritize transactions with higher fees because they earn them when they mine a block.

    Higher transaction fees can help increase the chances of faster confirmation.
  • Overall Hash Rate: The hash rate of the Bitcoin network, which represents the computational power dedicated to mining, can impact confirmation times.

    A higher hash rate means more miners compete to solve the mathematical puzzles required to add new blocks to the blockchain. This can result in faster block times and, consequently, faster confirmations.

The average block time is 10 minutes, but individual transaction confirmation times vary. It is essential to monitor network conditions and adjust expectations accordingly.

How Many Confirmations for Bitcoin?
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How to Check Bitcoin Confirmations

As a Bitcoin user, you may want to track the progress of your transactions and check the number of confirmations they have received.

Here are two common methods to check Bitcoin confirmations:

Using a Block Explorer

Block explorers are powerful tools that allow you to explore and inspect the Bitcoin blockchain.

They provide detailed information about individual transactions, blocks, and the overall state of the blockchain.

To check the number of confirmations for a specific transaction, follow these steps:

  1. Obtain the Transaction ID (TxID): When you initiate a Bitcoin transaction, your wallet or exchange should provide you with a unique transaction ID. This ID is a string of alphanumeric characters that uniquely identifies your transaction.
  2. Visit a Block Explorer: Open a web browser and navigate to a reputable block explorer, such as or
  3. Enter the transaction ID: Locate the search bar or transaction search function on the block explorer’s website. Paste the transaction ID into the search bar and initiate the search.
  4. View transaction details: The block explorer will display detailed information about the transaction, including the number of confirmations it has received. You can also explore additional details, such as the transaction inputs and outputs, the transaction fee, and the addresses involved.

By using a block explorer, you can track the progress of your Bitcoin transactions and gain insight into their confirmation status.

Wallet Notifications

Some Bitcoin wallets provide built-in notifications or status indicators to inform you about the progress of your transactions.

These notifications can alert you when a transaction receives its first confirmation, helping you stay updated on the confirmation process without manually checking a block explorer.

If your wallet supports notifications or status updates, make sure to enable them to receive real-time information about your transactions.


Bitcoin confirmations play a vital role in ensuring the security and finality of transactions on the blockchain. By requiring a certain number of confirmations, users can have confidence in the validity and irreversibility of their transactions.

The number of confirmations required can vary based on factors such as transaction amount, risk tolerance, and the policies of exchanges or service providers.

While confirmation times can vary, the average block time for the Bitcoin blockchain is approximately 10 minutes.

Factors such as network congestion, transaction fees, and the network’s overall hash rate can influence confirmation times. To speed up confirmations, adjust fees, use SegWit addresses, pick the right wallet, and consider Replace-By-Fee (RBF).

Bitcoin users need to stay informed and monitor the progress of their transactions. Utilizing block explorers and enabling wallet notifications can provide real-time updates on confirmation status.

Follow these best practices and grasp factors influencing confirmation times to use Bitcoin confidently and securely.