BRICS: Realistic Options to Dethrone US Dollar as Global Reserve

Joshua Ramos
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For much of the year, the BRICS bloc has sought to de-dollarize global economics. Indeed, discussions have abounded around the ways that the greenback’s prominence throughout the global south could be tested and decreased. Yet, with those BRICS conversations happening, what realistic options exist to dethrone the US dollar as a global reserve currency?

The overall prominence of the dollar has been unquestioned since the Bretton Woods agreement in 1945. However, even US President Joe Biden acknowledged the need for a new world order. However, considering its vitality, for the dollar to take a back seat, an alternative must take its place. Luckily for BRICS, there is no shortage of options.

BRICS Alternative Currency

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The first option for the BRICS to realistically dethrone the US dollar’s global reserve status is the creation of an alternative currency. This idea has been floated around for quite some time, gaining traction from several BRICS nations. However, it has also received criticism for the difficulty of its implementation.

The alternative currency option is undoubtedly the most difficult one for the bloc to pull off. There are so many factors that come into play, with several nations seeking to take part in international trade. The currency would need to be pegged to something, and its value would have to exist throughout various economic circumstances across nations.

The New Development Bank could act as an issuer, and the bloc has previously discussed it being pegged to gold. However, the logistical difficulties remain. The idea is set to be developed by the bloc, with the 2024 annual summit likely acting as a setting for announcements regarding the project’s progress.

Local Currency

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Another popular option to replace the US dollar as a global reserve currency is a BRICS local currency. Specifically, this would require the greenback to be replaced by the Chinese yuan, or the Indian rupee. Although this would be easier than creating a new currency, it still comes with a host of questions.

The idea hinges on the thought of replacing the international prevalence of the dollar with a single currency that could operate with the same function. However, it does fly in the face of the overall sentiment that the bloc has embraced since its creation. The global south has sought unity and progress through cooperation. For this to work, one nation and its currency would be placed in the BRICS driver’s seat.

Additionally, it would also run into similar logistical problems. Still, its popularity is connected to the idea that countries will already maintain some reserves in this currency, and adoption would be more feasible. Moreover, it has already come into practice, with nations settling international trade in local currencies.

Digital Currency Connected to BRICS Pay

Digital Yuan App Expands Services with Mastercard and Visa Top-Ups
Source: The Japan Times

Also Read: BRICS Pay to Lead Digital Finance Revolution of Global Economics

Finally, a potential BRICS option to dethrone the US dollar lies in the recently implemented BRICS Pay system. Moreover, it could even exist in the technology developed throughout the recent success of China’s digital yuan. Either way, it would be based on the ever-growing digital asset industry.

This option would present a host of benefits, all based on the power and progress of blockchain technology. China has seen its digital yuan already used in international settlements. Additionally, the country is seeking wider use cases for the asset. Combinign it with BRICS Pay presetsn a potential digital revolution throughout global economics that BRICS could pioneer.

The power of technology is bound to play a key role in economics, and BRICS could get ahead of the wave through its promotion. These kinds of assets are able to be used in cross-border transactions and benefit from the nature of digital assets like Bitcoin. All in all, it may well end being the most feasible way for the bloc to garner internaital momentum away from US dollar usage.